Celebrating its 35th anniversary, NAADAC, The Association for Addiction Professionals is one of the oldest addiction-focused professional associations in the United States. With more than 11,000 members and affiliates throughout the U.S. and the world, NAADAC is poised to continue its growth and influence.
Certainly there was a time when there were many doubts about whether NAADAC specifically and the addiction services profession in general would flourish. William White's article in this special NAADAC anniversary issue chronicles the pre-NAADAC history of the counseling profession (see page 30). We begin here in the 1970s, as the professionalization of the addiction treatment movement (fueled by insurance reimbursement and an expansion of treatment programs1) generated momentum for a new organization.
In the spring of 1971, the U.S. media began to run stories about drug use in the armed forces in Vietnam. While this was news to the American public, it was not to the Defense Department. Since 1968, military leaders had identified widespread use of marijuana among the troops. When 930 returning troops passing through the Oakland, California, Army Terminal filled out an anonymous questionnaire concerning drug use, 16 percent admitted having used heroin at least once in the past 30 days, with just under 10 percent claiming repeated use and 4.2 percent reporting daily use in the past month.2
An influential person who was motivated into action at the time was Sen. Harold Hughes of Iowa. Elected in 1968, Hughes was known for his Christian faith and his commitment to addiction issues stemming from his experience as a recovering alcoholic.3 Hughes persuaded the chairman of the Senate's Labor and Public Welfare Committee to establish a Special Subcommittee on Alcoholism and Narcotics, chaired by Hughes himself.
An organization is born
Recognizing that the legislation passed in the early 1970s would increase demand for qualified and professional addiction services personnel, addiction counselors came together to establish the National Association of Alcoholism Counselors and Trainers (NAACT) in 1972. At the founding meeting, Matt Rose, who had been involved in shaping the 1970 federal legislation, was selected to serve as the organization's executive director. Robert Dorris was elected as NAACT's first president. Shortly thereafter, many members became less comfortable with the appellation “trainers.” At the 1974 conference, members renamed the organization the National Association of Alcoholism Counselors.