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Evidence-Based Practices: Promotion or Performance?
Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS) statistics indicate that this percentage of treatment referrals for youths under 18 originate from school systems.
School-based drug testing of athletes and participants in extracurricular activities may pose a flawed strategy because these students tend to be:
a. the most influential among their peers.
b. the lowest-risk group for drug use.
c. from families most resistant to mandatory testing.
An independent study found that the prevalence of drug use in schools that conduct drug testing:
a. exceeds the prevalence of use in schools that don't test.
b. is lower than the prevalence of use in schools that don't test.
c. is nearly identical to the prevalence of use in schools that don't test.
The author suggests this approach to addressing substance-related problems in schools.
a .Using targeted drug testing as a deterrent to problem behavior
b. Helping parents identify prevention and treatment resources in the community
c .Hiring a counselor or contracting with an agency to interview students with multiple absences or persistent problems in school
An arbitrary metric is a performance or outcome measure that:
a. meets all tests for appropriateness.
b. is irrelevant to real-world considerations.
c. has not been tested for scientific validity.
Changes in the average days of substance use in the past 30 after treatment may constitute an arbitrary metric because:
a. the number of days of use does not reflect the volume of use and its consequences.
b. a 30-day measurement period is not illustrative of trends.
c. self-report data are misleading.
A lesson from oncology programs is that treatment programs may show different outcomes because of differences in:
a. geographic location.
b. assessment procedures.
For practical purposes, treatment organizations may need to abandon this effort as part of routine evaluations of outcome.
a. Interviewing clients after completion of services
b. Periodic tracking during clients' contact with the service system
c. Use of multiple rating scales to measure symptoms of illness
The controversial Drug Abuse Resistance Education (D.A.R.E.) program originated out of this municipal police department.
b. Los Angeles
One program's “success rate” dropped from 80% to 4% when evaluators considered:
a. a second measure of success.
b. all individuals who had entered the program, not just those who had completed treatment.
c. errors in the original scoring.